A first aid kit that is fully stocked is very important. In an earlier chapter we covered the items you should have in that first aid kit. You should also have a smaller kit you can take with you when you are hunting or scouting that fits into a backpack. You never know when you may experience a bite, cut, or other problem that needs some type of attention.
Medical care can be hard to come by when you have an emergency due to the end of the world scenarios. Many people panic about what they would do in such an event. They want to have the care they need in order to help them live and to reduce pain. A first aid manual is a very important item to have. It should offer step by step instructions and photos.
Here are some things you can do for basic medical care during a time of crisis:
The thought of giving birth without a doctor around is scary stuff. Yet the truth is that the female body is designed to complete the process naturally and instinctively. Find a location that offers shelter from the elements and that is safe. Try to have clean clothes and a towel to wrap the infant in. Do all you can to make the mother comfortable until the baby arrives.
Use water to clean the baby and make sure it is able to cry which is a sign the lungs are clear. Wrap the baby in a warm towel so that the body temperature doesn’t get too low. Do all you can to assist the mother to ensure the blooding stops and that she has a warm and comfortable place to rest. She should be up and feeling better in a few days.
She will need plenty of food and water so that her body is able to produce milk for the infant. She should get help with the newborn as much as possible so that she is able to rest and to recuperate as quickly as possible. She may be very scared to give birth this way so someone she trusts around that can talk to her and hold her hand through it can make a huge difference.
If a cut or a puncture is 1⁄4 of an inch deep or more, then stitches are a good idea for closing the cut. You are going to need to apply pressure with a clean cloth first to stop the bleeding. Next you want to apply a disinfectant to reduce the risk of any type of infection occurring. Super glue can be used in a pinch if you don’t have supplies for stiches.
There are personalized stitching kits you can get for your first aid supply kit. The stitches need to be made close to each other so that they hold the skin closed and they need to be tight. There will be some tugging against the skin with them but it won’t be severe pain. Stitches need to be done soon after the cut or puncture or they won’t be any good.
A broken bone is a very serious type of injury and it can’t be ignored. Efforts should be made to set the bone so that it can heal properly. A compound fracture involves the bone sticking out through the skin. A closed fracture is one where the bone is broken but not through the skin.
When a closed fracture occurs, it can be very painful and there can be swelling around that area. Applying ice to any type of break can help to reduce the pain and the person should also be given ibuprofen to help with reducing the swelling. With a compound fracture, you will have to do your best to move the bone back into position. This can be painful for the person so try to do it quickly.
Use supplies you can find to offer a type of splint so that the broken bone isn’t able to move. This can include sturdy branches, rope, duct tape, clothes, and any other items you can come up with. To offer more support, the area can also be adhered to the core of the body. For example, a broken leg can have a splint that goes up the leg and around the waist.
If you have over the counter products such as ibuprofen, you can use them to reduce a high fever. If you are in the wilderness, boil some tree bark in water and make a tea out of it. This is a natural remedy to help reduce fever that works quickly.
Bites and Stings
There are plenty of pests out there that can result in bites or stings, especially if you are in the wilderness. Do your best to wash them with soap and water. When necessary, apply some antibiotic ointment to the affected area. Examine the area to see if anything needs to be removed such as the stinger of a bee or wasp or if there is a tick.
The area around a burn is going to swell so you want to remove clothing from it. As the skin cools, clothing can stick to it so remove the materials quickly, even if you have to tear them off. Apply cool water or a cool cloth to the burn area.
Pat the area dry after about 10 minutes and apply antiseptic cream and cover it with gauze. Change the dressing daily and watch for signs of infection. Don’t touch the burn area directly or pop blisters that may form.
It is a good idea to make sure you and your family are trained in CPR. This can come in very handy is someone with you isn’t breathing due to a health issue or injury. If they are choking, the Heimlich Maneuver may be necessary to dislodge the food item and open up the airways again.